The Venti
(Wind Gods)

The Venti are the Roman wind gods who dwelt where their respective winds originated.

Aquilo or Aquilon (North wind) was very strong, with a violent temper. Aquilo was frequently depicted as a winged old man, wearing a billowing cloak, with shaggy hair and beard. He held a conch shell. Aquilo was also a deity of winter, who swept down from the cold northern mountains with his chilling breath. An alternate name used for the North wind was Septentrio, a word derived from septem triones ("seven oxen") referring to the seven prominent stars in the northern constellation Ursa Major.

Caecius (Northeast wind) was depicted as a bearded man with a shield full of hail-stones. He was seen as a "dark" wind since his name was cognate to the Latin word caecus "blind."

Vulturnus (East wind) was thought to bring warmth and rain as well as ill luck.

Apeliotus (Southeast wind) was depicted as clean shaven, with curly hair and a friendly expression, often carrying fruit. The Southeast wind was thought to cause a refreshing rain particularly beneficial to farmers. An alternate name used for the Southeast wind was Subsolanus. Subsolanus was also sometimes considered the East wind, in Vulturnus' place.

Auster (South wind) was the bringer of the hot and powerful southern winds now called the Sirocco, which comes from the Sahara and reaches hurricane speeds in North Africa and Southern Europe. "The south winds are raging flame to the standing grain, the rapid mountain streams, or a torrent of strikes down the fields, and cattle strikes down the measures of the labors of the happy, and headlong drags down forests." segetem veluti cum flamma furentibus Austris incidit, aut rapidus montano flumine torrens sternit agros, sternit sata laeta boumque labores, praecipitesque trahit silvas.

Africus (Southwest wind) was also known as Afer ventus ("African wind"), due to Africa being to the southwest of Italy.

Favonius (West wind) was a messenger of spring. As fructifying wind, Favonius held dominion over plants and flowers. The name Favonius meant "favorable."

Corus or Caurus (Northwest wind) depicted as a bearded man tipping a cauldron, representing the oncoming winter. Corus was also one of the oldest Roman wind-deities. He was one of the di indigetes ("indigenous gods"), a group of numinous entities.

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